Supervision and Treatment Services for Juveniles Program

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Overview

Since its inception in 2011, the Supervision and Treatment Services for Juveniles Program (STSJP) has been a key component of Governor Cuomo’s vision to transform New York State’s juvenile justice system. STSJP was created to incentivize the use of local programs to divert youth from detention or residential care.

The 2017 enactment of the Raise the Age (RTA) legislation (Part WWW Chapter 59 of the Laws of 2017) made substantive changes to the procedures and mechanisms used to process 16- and 17-year-olds in the criminal and juvenile justice systems. Among other things, the RTA legislation modified Executive Law § 529-b to expand the eligible population for STSJP services to include older youth subject to RTA; this expansion went into effect on October 1, 2018.

A municipality that elects to use STSJP funds for programs that prevent the detention and placement of youth must designate a lead agency for the purposes of planning and administering services under STSJP and submit an STSJP Annual Plan for OCFS review and approval, as prescribed in Executive Law § 529-b.

Currently, the STSJP Program Year runs from October 1 through September 30.

Target Population

Pursuant to Executive Law § 529-b, STSJP programs can be utilized to meet the needs of youth who are at risk of becoming, alleged to be, or adjudicated as Persons in Need of Supervision (PINS) or Juvenile Delinquents (JDs), or youth alleged to be or convicted as Juvenile Offenders (JOs), Adolescent Offenders (AOs), or Youthful Offenders (YOs). Please see the definitions of each youth type below. For additional information, see the New York Family Court Act.

Persons in Need of Supervision (PINS)

At risk: Youth, less than eighteen years of age, at risk of having a PINS petition filed as demonstrated by factors that may include poor academic attendance, history of abuse or neglect, weak social ties, low parental involvement, previous trauma, increasing behavioral issues and/or behavioral health needs.

Alleged: Denotes that a petition pursuant to Article 7 of the Family Court Act has been filed, alleging that a youth, less than eighteen years of age, is a PINS, or that a person or entity has sought or attempted to file a petition pursuant to Article 7 of the Family Court Act against the youth, and as a result, diversion services are being arranged or provided for in accordance with Family Court Act § 735.

Adjudicated: A Family Court has heard the case and determined that the youth is a PINS.

Juvenile Delinquent (JD)

At risk: Youth, over seven years and under eighteen years of age, has been arrested, warned or otherwise come to the attention of the juvenile justice system, or is at risk of engaging in delinquent behavior as demonstrated by factors that may include but are not limited to: poor academic performance, poor school attendance, history of abuse and neglect, past adjudication as a PINS, weak social ties, antisocial or delinquent peers, low parental involvement, substance abuse, and increased aggression towards self and community.

Alleged: Youth, over seven years and under eighteen years of age, has had a petition filed under Article 3 of the Family Court Act alleging that he or she is a JD. This may include youth, ages sixteen and seventeen, who were initially charged as an Adolescent Offender and removed from the Youth Part of Superior Court to Family Court.

Adjudicated: A Family Court has heard the case and determined that the youth is a JD.

Juvenile Offender (JO)

Alleged: Youth was charged with a JO criminal offense as defined in NYS Penal Law § 10.00.

Convicted: Youth was convicted of a JO criminal offense.

Adolescent Offender (AO)

Alleged: Youth charged with a felony committed on or after October 1, 2018 when he/she was sixteen years of age or on or after October 1, 2019, when he/she was seventeen years of age.

Convicted: Youth was convicted of an AO criminal offense.

Youthful Offender (YO)

Finding: Youth between the ages of sixteen and nineteen years of age at the time they commit a crime, or a youth charged as a JO may be eligible for a YO finding. This is a finding substituted for the conviction of an eligible youth, pursuant to a determination that the eligible youth is a YO.

Programs and Services

When developing STSJP plans, OCFS encourages municipalities to consider programs that would best meet the needs of the youth locally at risk of entering, or involved in, their juvenile justice system. A municipality may use their STSJP allocation to fund programs with services including, but not limited to, those that:

OCFS supports municipalities as they expand their STSJP programs to align with key decision points in the juvenile justice system. Critical outcomes at each decision point inform the five domains under which youth and families can be served. Utilization of these domains will assist in the planning of programs and measurement of their impact. The current STSJP plan application provides municipalities with the ability to designate desired programs within the domains described below.

Prevention (P)

Programs that serve youth with no juvenile justice involvement but have characteristics that place them at risk for juvenile justice contact. These programs utilize prosocial activities that engage at-risk youth to lower the risk of youth entering the juvenile justice system.

Examples: Boys and Girls Club, YMCA/YWCA, and mentoring or other positive youth development activities

Early Intervention (EI)

Programs serve youth who have had some contact with the juvenile justice system; a youth who is on JD Intake or PINS Diversion would be a good candidate for this service type. EI programs utilize prosocial activities in a targeted strategy to engage youth at risk of becoming, or alleged to be, a JD or PINS, to prevent further involvement in the juvenile justice system.

Examples: respite services, youth courts, restorative justice programs, and mediation

Alternatives to Detention (ATD)/Alternatives to Pre-Dispositional Placement (ATPDP)

Programs that are intended to reduce the reliance on non-secure, secure, or specialized secure detention for youth alleged to be JDs, JOs, and AOs, or on pre-dispositional placement for youth alleged to be a PINS. ATD/ATPDP programs help ensure that youth return to court and remain crime free until the disposition of their case. The program service period is limited to the court case processing time frames.

Examples: specialized community supervision, calling services to remind youth to return to court, and electronic monitoring programs

Alternatives to Placement (ATP)

Programs that serve youth who would otherwise be placed out of home, but for ATP programs that can maintain youth safely in the community. ATP programs target and address known criminogenic risk factors and identified needs.

Examples: evidence-based cognitive behavioral interventions, prosocial activities that target youth with leisure time/peer-group concerns, navigators/credible messengers/mentors, and substance abuse supports

Reentry/Aftercare (R/A)

Reentry programs prepare and support youth returning to their home communities from out of home placement. Aftercare programs reduce the length of stay for youth in residential placement.

Examples: vocational or educational support programs, prosocial activities for positive leisure time/building alternative choices, mentors/credible messengers/navigators, and housing supports