Office of Children and Family Services

Bureau of Detention Services

Detention Risk Assessment Instrument (DRAI)

In 2011, New York State enacted legislation as part of its budget for State Fiscal Year 2011-2012 that marked the launch of a statewide comprehensive juvenile detention reform agenda through the inclusion of two provisions designed to serve as a foundation for widespread juvenile detention reform over the long term:

  1. The creation of the Supervision and Treatment Services for Juveniles Program (STSJP), a fiscal incentives program that reimburses counties for alternative-to-detention programming (Executive Law §529-B); and 
  1. A requirement that all counties use - and implement in a manner approved by OCFS - an empirically validated detention risk assessment instrument, approved by OCFS, to inform detention decisions in juvenile delinquency (JD) cases (Executive Law §530). 

In response to the second provision, OCFS developed and validated a single detention risk assessment instrument. Regional trainings were conducted throughout the state in December of 2012.

The information on this web page explains this proposal and will assist local districts with the creation of their DRAI local plan.

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