Office of Children and Family Services

Supervision and Treatment Services for Juveniles Program (STSJP)

Technical Assistance Regarding Supervision and Treatment Services for Juveniles Program (STSJP) and Services Typically Funded Through STSJP

Raise the Age Funding

  • Among other things, the enacted Raise the Age (RTA) legislation (Part WWW Chapter 59 of the Laws of 2017) made substantive changes to the procedures and mechanisms used to process 16- and 17-year-olds in the criminal and youth justice systems.
  • This enacted legislation provides eligible entities with access 100 percent state reimbursement for RTA-related expenditures (See State Finance Law § 54-M) if they meet certain criteria.
  • Additionally, the enacted budget for State Fiscal Year 2019 (Chapter 53 of the Laws of 2018) included one specific appropriation attendant to Raise the Age expenditures. Such appropriation requires that in order for local governments to receive RTA-related reimbursements that the expenditures must be included in a comprehensive local plan that has been approved by the Office of Children and Family Services (OCFS), the Division of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) and the Division of Budget (DOB).
  • As there is a distinct appropriation for funding RTA-related expenditures, local allocations for various services impacted by RTA (such as detention, foster care, or the Supervision and Treatment Services for Juvenile Programs (STSJP), etc.) will be unchanged by RTA.
  • To access RTA reimbursement that a locality may be eligible for the expenditures must be specifically included in a localities comprehensive RTA plan. Plan approval for 100 percent reimbursement will be determined on a case-by-case basis by OCFS, DCJS and DOB.

Supervision and Treatment Services for Juveniles Program (STSJP)

RTA Funding and Serving RTA Youth

  • The STSJP program was expanded as part of the enacted RTA legislation.
  • This program, was created to incentivize the creation of local programs, for services to divert youth at risk of, alleged to be, or adjudicated as juvenile delinquents (JDs) or persons alleged or adjudicated to be in need of supervision (PINS), or youth alleged to be or convicted as juvenile offenders (JOs), from placement into juvenile detention or placement.
    • STSJP provides 62 percent state reimbursement for eligible services up to a capped allocation.
  • The enacted RTA legislation expanded this program to include older youth subject to RTA, adolescent offenders (AOs) and youthful offenders (YOs) as eligible for STSJP services (See Executive Law § 529-b).
  • As with other expenditures attendant to RTA, local governments looking to create new or expand existing STSJP programs to serve RTA youth should include any new anticipated STSJP costs in the localities Raise the Age plan, and denote such as STSJP-RTA. Such requests shall be reviewed in the context of the entirety of the localities plan and on a case-by-case basis to determine if they are eligible for 100 percent state reimbursement.
    NOTE: We are using STSJP-RTA as a distinction from current or typical STSJP funds as the STSJP-RTA will not be claimed against a county’s STSJP allocation.
  • Additionally, local governments that are seeking to create new or expand upon existing STSJP programs to serve RTA youth should include such provisions in their required annual STSJP plans, in the area noted for STSJP-RTA.

Interplay Between STSJP and Preventive Services

  • While it is true that some services that may be eligible for STSJP funding may also be eligible for 62 percent state reimbursement as a preventive service, not all services that may be funded through STSJP can be deemed a preventive service.
    Specifically:
    • Services to divert JOs, AOs and YOs from placement cannot be claimed as a preventive service.
    • Services that are meant to prevent youth’s involvement in the criminal or juvenile justice system but are not meant to prevent a child from immediately entering or returning to foster care or enable a child to return home from foster care cannot be claimed as a preventive service (See Social Services Law § 409-a).
  • As noted above expenditures attendant to STSJP-RTA that otherwise could have been claimed as STSJP or as a preventive service may be eligible for 100 percent state reimbursement. Local governments should carefully examine ways to structure new or modify existing programs in relation to how they will serve RTA youth.
  • As with STSJP, STSJP-RTA will be claimed through the Juvenile Detention Automated System (JDAS).

Which entity should administer services - probation or local departments of social services (LDSSs)?

  • Local probation departments and LDSS provide distinct functions but, at times have an overlap in the populations they serve and may provide similar services.
  • Local governments are best equipped to examine their own individual needs and the resources in determining how to develop new plans to meet populations that may interface with either the probation department of the LDSS. To this end, New York law already provides local governments with the ability to designate either the local probation department or social services district as the lead agency for specified services, including: PINS diversion, detention and STSJP.
  • Local governments are strongly encouraged to work collaboratively with their own local agencies in the development of their RTA plans to determine how to best meet the service needs in their communities.

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