Office of Children and Family Services

Adult Protective Services

Risk Factors & Indicators

To report adult abuse, call (within New York State only):1-844-697-3505 or
contact the local county Department of Social Services Adult Protective Services.

Please note that these are only examples. If you have further questions, contact your local department of social services

Familial/Caregiver Risk Factors

  • Substance abuse
  • Unemployment by caregiver
  • Lack of knowledge of duties, resources, and/or services
  • Caregiver stress, fatigue and/or dissatisfaction
  • History of violence
  • Psychological and/or physical impairments
  • Poor impulse control

Indicators of Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse, or Active Neglect

  • Bruises, welts, fractures, rope burns, signs of hair pulling
  • Unexplained STDs (sexually transmitted diseases)
  • Signs of malnutrition and/or dehydration such as weight loss or dry skin
  • Soiled clothing or bed linens
  • Unexpected or unexplained health problems
  • Unexplained paranoia
  • Excessive fear
  • Insomnia, sleep deprivation, or need for excessive sleep
  • Signs of excessive drugging, lack of medication, or other misuse such as decreased alertness

Indicators of Financial Abuse

  • Unexplained or sudden inability to pay bills
  • Unexplained or sudden withdrawal of money from accounts
  • Disparity between assets and living conditions
  • Extraordinary interest by family members or others in older person's assets