Office of Children and Family Services

Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence Prevention in New York State

"Domestic violence is when one person does a variety of things to control another person in an intimate relationship. The shift in power can happen very slowly, over a period of time, so that the other person cannot even remember when it happened. Or it can happen very quickly after there is some sort of commitment or some change in the level of intimacy. Many people wonder if what is happening to them is domestic violence because their partner has never hit them. Physical abuse is probably what most people think of when they think about domestic violence, but it is just one of the many ways that your partner might try to gain power and control in your relationship."

The New York State Domestic Violence Prevention Act was enacted in 1987 to support services for victims of domestic violence and their children.

This law requires county to provide shelter and services to victims of domestic violence and establishes mainstream funding mechanisms for these programs.

As a result of the Domestic Violence Prevention Act, OCFS created regulations to:

  • promote standards for the establishment and maintenance of residential and non-residential domestic violence programs, and
  • establish county services district responsibility for financial and contractual arrangements with providers of domestic violence residential services.

These regulations (18 NYCRR Parts 452-455, 462 and 408) can be found here.

OCFS’s Responsibilities under New York State Domestic Violence Prevention Act

The primary responsibilities of OCFS in relation to the Domestic Violence Prevention Act include:

  • licensing residential programs for victims of domestic violence;
  • overseeing the county planning process as it relates to the approval of non-residential domestic violence services programs;
  • establishing the per diem rate of reimbursement for each approved residential program on an annual basis;
  • administering the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) non-residential domestic violence funds to the social services districts and the Federal Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FFVPSA) funds to approved residential and non-residential domestic violence providers;
  • providing Title XX financial reimbursement to social services districts for residential and non-residential domestic violence services;
  • administering funding to and monitoring eleven CPS/DV Collaborations; and monitoring and providing technical assistance to social services districts and approved residential and non-residential programs for victims of domestic violence.

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